Philippines: Should your right to be healed be based on the location you live in?

The Philippines, a country where Medical Cannabis is strictly prohibited and where the punishment for Cannabis is more severe than being caught with hard drugs such as crystal meth, heroin, cocaine and the likes.

Several groups in the Philippines such as Porml, 420 Philippines, Internation Women’s Cannabis Coalition – Philippines (IWCC) just to name a few, are pushing for legalization of Medical cannabis to be granted to legitimate patients who suffer from debilitating disease such as epilepsy, cancer, multiple sclerosis, tumors, etc. The most active group is the Philippines Cannabis Compassion Society (PCCS) who leads the movement and is active in lobbying to pass the bill in Congress. PCCS work side by side with the author of the bill, Congressman Rodolfo Albano. PCCS also shares the stories of their patients to open the minds and hearts of the Congressmen to co-author the bill. The bill has 104 co-authors as of this writing and the bill needs to have at least 200 signatures to be endorsed by the Senate.

Some of the patients who have the financial capability to migrate to other countries or import Medical Cannabis from other countries where it is legal have significantly improved their health and some have been cured totally. However, the patients who are less fortunate are left to suffer and eventually die due to the fact that they cannot afford the cost of importation and/or migration to another country.

This migration not only happens in the Philippines, same scenarios happen in the United States of America (USA), as families move to a different state where Medical Cannabis is legal and to be able to use it to their patients, however, they are not allowed to bring it to a different state, forcing families to leave their family, friends and work behind.

As per the data released by Philippine Obstetrical and Gynecological Society in 2016, Philippines topped 197 countries with the most number of cases of breast cancer. It is also one of the countries worldwide with the highest prevalence rates of cancer.

183,000 people are affected by Epilepsy in the Philippines based on the data of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2004 and the numbers just continue to keep on rising.

These data only proves that not only a few will benefit from Medical Cannabis but millions of Filipinos. It can improve the lives of millions suffering every single day and it can provide them a livable life. Once the bill has been enacted into a law everyone who is qualified to avail Medical Cannabis can do so with the guidance of the Department of Health (DOH), Philippines Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA), and Dangerous Drug Board (DDB).


Write : By Anne Kristina Aguila

Cannabis Production in the European Union – Spectrum Denmark Granted Production Licence

ODENSE, Denmark, and SMITHS FALLS, ON, Dec. 18, 2017 /CNW/ – Further to a December 5th press release announcing plans to establish a 40,000 m2 facility in the Danish city of Odense, Spectrum Cannabis Denmark has been issued a cannabis production licence by Laegemiddelstyrelsen, Denmark’sMedicines Agency. Danish Health Minister, Ellen Trane Nørbye, announced the news today at a press conference. Spectrum Cannabis Denmark is a partnership between Danish Cannabis, one of Europe’s largest hemp producers, and Canopy Growth Corporation (“Canopy Growth” or the “Company”) (TSX: WEED).

To the Company’s knowledge, this is the first federal production licence issued to a Canadian cannabis producer anywhere in the European Union, a major milestone in an emerging market. With the announcement, Denmark has joined the Netherlands as the only two European countries with federally permitted medical cannabis production.

Speaking to local media, Minister Nørbye commented, “Medical cannabis has enormous potential and my role as Minister of Health is to help secure that the new medical cannabis law becomes a success for patients and for Denmark.”

Cannabis produced at the Odense facility is forecasted to exceed the needs of the Danish market and will be exported to other federally legal jurisdictions in the European Union.

“Entering Denmark was a strategic choice for us because we sensed the country would move fast to establish federal production capabilities. Using our expertise and in collaboration with excellent local partners, Canopy is now set to become the first ACMPR participant to also produce cannabis products in the European Union,” said Bruce Linton, Chairman and CEO, Canopy Growth. “In 2014 we began with a small Canadian patient group and grew it rapidly by offering high-quality products and actively engaging with the medical community. We intend to repeat this model of success on the other side of the Atlantic and solidify our position as the global leaders in the cannabis industry.”

Canopy Growth has stabilized an industry-leading selection of cannabis genetics in its Canadian facilities and will ship a variety of Spectrum Cannabis clones to Odense to begin growth cycles as soon as spring 2018 when the greenhouse retrofit is targeted to be complete.

The licence is being issued without conditions, meaning that Spectrum Cannabis Denmark will not be limited to a production cap or limited to the product formats it can produce. High quality oils and dried cannabis flowers will be produced in Odense and sold under the Spectrum Cannabis brand using the proprietary Spectrum colour-coded strain classification system.

As in Canada, Canopy Growth will use its experience to engage the physician community in Denmark to ensure that physicians are able to access fact-based information pertaining to dosing, and prescribing to appropriate patients.

The licence announced today is valid through 2021.

Here’s to Future Growth.

About Canopy Growth Corporation
Canopy Growth is a world-leading diversified cannabis and hemp company, offering distinct brands and curated cannabis varieties in dried, oil and Softgel capsule forms. From product and process innovation to market execution, Canopy Growth is driven by a passion for leadership and a commitment to building a world-class cannabis company one product, site and country at a time.

Canopy Growth has established partnerships with leading sector names including cannabis icon Snoop Dogg, breeding legends DNA Genetics and Green House seeds, and Fortune 500 alcohol leader Constellation Brands, to name but a few. Canopy Growth operates seven cannabis production sites with over 665,000 square feet of production capacity, including over 500,000 square feet of GMP-certified production space. The Company has operations in seven countries across four continents. The Company is proudly dedicated to educating healthcare practitioners, conducting robust clinical research, and furthering the public’s understanding of cannabis, and through its partly owned subsidiary, Canopy Health Innovations, has devoted millions of dollars toward cutting edge, commercializable research and IP development. Through partly owned subsidiary Canopy Rivers Corporation, the Company is providing resources and investment to new market entrants and building a portfolio of stable investments in the sector. From our historic public listing to our continued international expansion, pride in advancing shareholder value through leadership is engrained in all we do at Canopy Growth. For more information visit

Notice Regarding Forward Looking Statements
This news release contains forward-looking statements. Often, but not always, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words such as “plans”, “expects” or “does not expect”, “is expected”, “estimates”, “intends”, “anticipates” or “does not anticipate”, or “believes”, or variations of such words and phrases or state that certain actions, events or results “may”, “could”, “would”, “might” or “will” be taken, occur or be achieved. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of Canopy Growth Corporation, its subsidiaries, or its affiliates to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. Examples of such statements include future operational and production capacity, the impact of enhanced infrastructure and production capabilities, and forecasted available product selection. The forward-looking statements included in this news release are made as of the date of this news release and Canopy Growth Corporation does not undertake an obligation to publicly update such forward-looking statements to reflect new information, subsequent events or otherwise unless required by applicable securities legislation.

Neither the TSX Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in policies of the TSX Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.

SOURCE : Canopy Growth Corporation

India: Reviving Old Hemp History by Making Way for New Hemp Industry

India, a place where anyone who cultivates Cannabis invites a prison term of up to 10 years. For over half a century now, Indian hemp or cannabis has been outlawed in India because of the intoxication substances contained in the plant’s flowers and resin. Some of the world’s most fables hashish and ganja were said to be found in India.

In an article published by Scroll, it seems that India may soon turn over a new leaf and allow farmers to grow hemp. It aims to encourage the use of hemp to produce paper, rope, clothing – and even be eaten as a crunchy snack.

“For the last 50 years, the government has looked at cannabis cultivation only from the narcotic angle due to the rising pressure on global war on drugs,” said Avnish Pandya, the head of research and development of hemp at Bombay Hemp Company, which has been lobbying for industrial cultivation of hemp in India. But, says Pandya, “there is another side to cannabis which is harmless and of high economic value, lying untapped. Why not legalise that?”

International hemp production is at an estimated $1.5 trillion per year and is currently dominated by China, France and Germany. Allowing Indian farmers to cultivate hemp could create an industrial hemp textile market in India that could be valued at an estimated Rs 240 million (about $ 3.7 million), according to the central government’s Ministry of Textiles.

Hemp fibre, along with banana fibre, pineapple fibre, flax, sisal, and nettle was identified by the textile ministry’s 2010 Natural Fiber Policy and it recommended special policies to encourage development of these natural fibres. Due to its tradition of growing hemp, Uttarakhand, has been declared a nodal state for nettle and hemp promotion by the ministry.

Though there is a growing advocacy all over the world to decriminalise cannabis for recreational and medical use, BOHECO (Bombay Hemp Company) made it clear that its efforts are focused solely on cannabis sativa. This strain of Hemp is mostly used for industrial purposes as this cannot be misused as a narcotic due to the small portion of the substances that causes intoxication.

In 1985, under the pressure from the US (Single convention on narcotic drugs), a new bill has been passed, the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985, and signed by the then President Giani Zail Singh on 16 September 1985, and came into force on 14 November 1985, India banned the consumption, production and cultivation of Cannabis though it does permit the cultivation of hemp for horticulture and industrial purposes. However, no licences have been issued to farmers since the act was passed. Adding to the confusion, each of the states in India prohibits cannabis cultivation under their Excise Acts.

Currently, India is the world’s largest producer of legal opium for medical and scientific purposes, however, it has had no legal hemp cultivation. Despite this, significant numbers of villagers in Uttarakhand, Kashmir and Kerala Travancore grow hemp to obtain fibre from the stems and oil from the seeds. Some even roast the seeds to eat as food or use them as religious offerings. But their crops are frequently destroyed by the police, who confuse this strain of hemp with the narcotic variety.

Since 2013, BOHECO, which works out of Mumbai, has been lobbying the textile ministry to create a regulatory framework for industrial hemp cultivation and draft an industrial hemp policy. It is also aiming to develop a germ hemp seed suitable for Indian climatic and soil conditions. The firm is working in collaboration with the GB Pant Agriculture and Technology University in Uttarakhand to synthesise seeds that have less than 0.3% of tetrahydrocannabinol, the main psychoactive constituent of cannabis. They hope to have the first batches of seed ready early in 2016.

Hemp plant grows between 6 feet-16 feet in a period of four months. The plant does not require chemical fertilisers and captures large quantities of carbon, yield eight-ten tonnes for fibre and up to two tonnes of seed per acre.

Chirag Tekchandaney, director of sales and marketing at BOHECO said “There are over 25,000 end products of hemp. Internationally its fame is rising as an organic and eco-friendly plant, with hemp shirts and clothing being very popular. We are already flooded with queries and orders about hemp textile.” The firm is already selling hemp seeds sourced from Australia, hempcrete (hemp fiber blended with lime to make strong and lightweight concrete used in construction) and hemp fibre sourced from the farmers of Uttarakhand through its online portal.

The firm has been generating enthusiasm for hemp fabric by giving presentations at the Lakme Fashion Week in March and the INK/TED conference in February. “Hemp is a super crop and versatile,” said Yash Kotak, BOHECO’s marketing officer. “It’s a shame we banned its use due to ignorance and confusion with marijuana. We want to make hemp farming a sexy option for the younger generation while also uplifting local farmers and industry to produce cool hemp products.’’

Write : By Anne Aguila

While Cannabis remains as a Schedule I Drug, Syndros, a form of synthetic THC received a Schedule II

While Cannabis is classified as a Schedule I Drug. Syndros (generic name: c-x dronabinol oral solution, a synthetic THC oral solution) manufactured by Insys Therapeutics, a Chandler, Arizona based pharmaceutical firm, receive the approval of Food and Drug Administration to be classified as Schedule II under the Controlled Substances Act, which would allow doctors to prescribe it.

Schedule II is the second-most restrictive drug classification category which is described as substances with a “high potential for abuse” but having some form of currently accepted medical use which includes Vicodin, cocaine, oxycodone, Adderall and Ritalin.

In 1985, FDA approved and regulated Marinol as a less-restrictive Schedule III substance. Marinol (dronabinol) is a man-made form of cannabis (also known as marijuana). Marinol is used to treat loss of appetite that causes weight loss in people with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Marinol is also used to treat severe nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy. It is usually given after medicines to control nausea and vomiting have been tried without success.

According to GlobeNewswire, Syndros is a liquid formulation of the pharmaceutical cannabinoid dronabinol. Syndros is a new drug product indicated for use in chemotherapy patients to help alleviate their nausea and vomiting and AIDS patients with anorexia-associated weight loss, respectively,”

Saeed Motahari, President and Chief Executive Officer of INSYS, made a statement that “The launch of Syndros represents a pivotal milestone for us,”

“Syndros is the second product entirely developed and commercialized by INSYS. We are excited to make Syndros available to those patients in need and look forward to bringing additional novel therapeutic solutions to even more patients in the near future.”

Stephen Sherman, Senior Vice President, Regulatory Affairs of INSYS said, “Syndros is the first and only FDA-approved liquid dronabinol. It represents a viable alternative for the delivery of dronabinol and will fulfill a significant unmet need for both cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy who fail traditional antiemetics and AIDS patients who experience weight loss,”

According to The Cannabist, Health and Human Services officials said that liquid dronabinol has a higher potential for abuse than Marinol because the liquid formulation could be manipulated to produce extracts for vaping or edibles, according to the notice in the Federal Register.

Vetticaden told the Cannabist last year that chemically synthesized drugs are highly reliable and thus could meet the rigorous testing demands and standards from the FDA. A synthetic approach could mitigate any potency issues that patients could encounter when buying products from dispensaries.

Insys, has expressed concerns about “natural cannabis” in regulatory filings to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, and the legalization of marijuana:

“Moreover, our cannabinoid products may compete with non-synthetic cannabinoid drugs, including therapies such as GW Pharmaceuticals’ Sativex and Epidiolex, especially in many countries outside of the United States where non-synthetic cannabinoids are legal. In addition, literature has been published arguing the benefits of natural cannabis, or marijuana, over dronabinol, and there are a number of states that have already enacted laws legalizing medicinal and recreational marijuana. There is some support in the United States for further legalization of marijuana. We also cannot assess the extent to which patients utilize marijuana illegally to alleviate (Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting), instead of using prescribed therapies such as approved dronabinol products.”

Last fall, Insys contributed $500,000 to the campaign against marijuana legalization in Arizona. The $500,000 donation from Insys Therapeutics, amounts to more than one-third of all money raised by Arizonans for Responsible Drug Policy, the group opposing legalization. According to campaign finance records maintained by, Insys is one of the largest single contributions to any anti-legalization campaign ever.

Insys is facing multiple complaints, investigations and lawsuits related to its Subsys fentanyl spray (under-the-tongue spray intended for cancer patients that contains fentanyl, a highly addictive and regulated synthetic opioid). It has been reported that Insys was accused of off-label marketing of the opioid painkiller and has faced allegations of providing kickbacks to doctors to prescribe it.

In a report by Reuters, Insys has been accused of paying doctors sham speaker fees in exchange for writing prescriptions of Subsys and of misleading insurers into believing patients who were prescribed the opioid had cancer when they actually did not.

Brnovich also sued three Arizona doctors, Steve Fanto, Nikesh Seth and Sheldon Gingerich, whom the lawsuit said Insys paid on average $200,000 while they wrote prescriptions that generated over $33 million in sales of Subsys from March 2012 to April 2017.

Brnovich said in a statement that, “We need to put a stop to the unethical and greedy behavior in the pharmaceutical industry that is fueling the opioid crisis in our state,”.

Insys is in talks with the U.S. Department of Justice to resolve the federal probe. Investigations are held by attorneys general in Oregon, New Hampshire and Illinois, Insys previously agreed to pay a combined $8.95 million to resolve any investigations.

The lawsuit seeks an injunction, restitution for customers and the disgorgement of any illegally gained profits.


Write By Anne Kristina Aguila

Israel: The Epicenter Of Medical Cannabis

Raphael Mechoulam | Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI) | ResearchGateIsreal: The Grandfather of Medical Marijuana: Raphael Mechoulam, a professor, and researcher at Hebrew University, the man behind the discovery of tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly known as THC; the psychoactive compound in Cannabis. It all started in 1963 when Mechoulam secured 11 pounds of Lebanese hashish, which he used to identify, isolate and synthesize THC and study its medical use. He was also the first to decode the structure of CBD, the plant’s primary non-psychoactive ingredient. In 1992, Mechoulam and his team at Hebrew University in Jerusalem made a groundbreaking discovery on the physical reason why humans get high when using Cannabis, now known as the endocannabinoid system, and that the human brain produces its own cannabinoids – compounds that stimulate the body almost exactly the way THC does. “It turned out that the cannabinoids in the plant actually mimic the compounds that we form in our brain,” says Mechoulam.

Over the past 50 years, Israel conducts the world’s largest number of clinical trials testing the benefits of medicinal cannabis and has become a global destination for medical cannabis research and development. Israel was among the first countries to legalize the medicinal use and is one of just three countries with a government-supported medical cannabis program. On the other hand, recreational use remains illegal, however, the Israeli government has approved the export of medicinal cannabis products making it an offshore greenhouse for American cannabis companies seeking to overcome the federal roadblocks standing in their way.

While importing cannabis into the United States remains illegal under federal law, companies can still import from Israel by acquiring drug approval from the FDA by meeting the agency’s requirement for drug approval. The FDA has approved 3 drugs containing synthetic cannabinoids but it has never approved a product derived from botanical cannabis. According to the agency’s guidelines, “Study of marijuana in clinical trial settings is needed to assess the safety and effectiveness of marijuana for medical use.” Since initiating a clinical trial in the US is difficult, US companies resulted in partnering up with Israel’s pharmaceutical company to use their medical research facilities in Israel and conducting clinical trials there and applying for FDA approval of the botanical cannabis drug they are developing.

With one million square feet of cultivation fields, a 35,000-square-foot production plant, and 30,000 square feet of grow rooms and labs, Dr. Tamir Gedo’s company, Breath of Life Pharma (BOL), is about to open the world’s largest medical marijuana production, research, and development facility. According to Gedo’s estimates, BOL will produce 80 tons – more than 175,000 pounds – of cannabis per year.

Israel’s research on Cannabis has a great impact on the US cannabis industry, medical marijuana is now legal in 29 U.S. states and this is a direct result of Israeli research which made the study and research on Cannabis legitimate. Paul Armentano, deputy director of the D.C.-based National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) said. Without this research, “We wouldn’t have the scientific interest we have now around the world,”. He also added, “That really opened the door to making the study of cannabis and cannabinoids a legitimate avenue for more conventional scientists and researchers.”

Even if U.S. companies want to do a clinical trial on U.S. soil it is nearly impossible and time-consuming. In Israel, a cannabis clinical trial can get off the ground in a matter of months. “There’s a lengthy and arduous regulatory process for getting approval for doing studies, and limited resources at these agencies for processing those requests,” says Pollack, of Thomas Jefferson University. “It’s deliberately made very difficult for us.”

“I think they have approached the issue in a more even-handed and genuine way than the U.S. government has,” says Armentano of NORML. “There are onerous restrictions on conducting this research in the U.S. that don’t exist in Israel.”

“There’s a lengthy and arduous regulatory process for getting approval for doing studies, and limited resources at these agencies for processing those requests,” says Pollack, of Thomas Jefferson University. “It’s deliberately made very difficult for us.” In Israel, on the other hand, a cannabis clinical trial can get off the ground in a matter of months.

“I think they have approached the issue in a more even-handed and genuine way than the U.S. government has,” says Armentano of NORML. “There are onerous restrictions on conducting this research in the U.S. that don’t exist in Israel.”

Dr. Gedo is optimistic but, on the other hand, he is also realistic. He knows that the FDA will never get behind cannabis the plant as medicine, since it can’t be controlled as a consistent drug given that there are 140 active compounds in cannabis, and the composition of the flowers plucked from one branch can fluctuate wildly, by up to 300 percent and can’t have the same effect day in and day out.

“The experience of a user will vary a lot with the same strain,” says Gedo. “So even if you have the best-grown product, it will never become a scientific pharmaceutical product.”

Source :  By Anne Kristina Aguila

China: A New Frontier For The Green Rush

Hemp brings in more than 10,000 Yuan (US$ 1,500) per hectare compared to just a few thousand yuan for more common crops like corn that is why Jiang Xingquan, a farmer in Northern China, sets aside part of his farm in northern China to grow cannabis every year in April. The size of the plot varies with market demand but over the last few years, it has been about 600 hectares. Since Heilongjiang province is near the Russian border, Jiang is growing the plant legally like every other hemp farmer in Hexin.

The growers sell every part of the plant and nothing goes to waste as the stems of the crop is being sold to textile factories to make high-quality fabric, the leaves to pharmaceutical companies for drugs, and the seeds to food companies to make snacks, kitchen oil, and drinks.

Jiang’s farm is located in China’s frosty north and is one of the country’s major centers for the legal crop. It has been revealed in an article published by South China Morning Post that authorities in the province turned a blind eye to its production before legalizing and regulating it last year. Another major growing area is in Yunnan province where the plant’s production has been regulated since 2003. Jiang said he and his family had tasted the vegetable oil made from hemp seeds. “It has a very strong fragrance and tastes good, but we felt dizzy after dinner,” he said. “We dare not try it very often,” he added.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, these areas account for about half of the world’s legal commercial cropland under hemp cannabis cultivation. Thanks to government support and a long tradition, China has quietly become a superpower in the plant’s production and research.

Plantations are flourishing both for commercial and illicit drug use since there are no official figures for the amount of the plant China produces each year. Government-funded scientists who study the plant’s military uses, including as medication and fabric for uniforms has been an integral part of this growth.

“Over the decades, researchers developed various hybrid species that not just survived but thrived in China’s disparate environments, from the Arctic conditions in Heilongjiang to Inner Mongolia’s Gobi Desert to the subtropics of Yunnan.”

In 2014, the Ministry of Public Security said it found a large number of unregistered hemp and marijuana plantations across the nation, particularly in Jilin and Inner Mongolia.

Hemp cannabis is one variety of the Cannabis sativa plant, which also includes types better known as marijuana. Hemp only has traces of THC, the psychoactive compound in Cannabis. Both the hemp and marijuana strains of the plant contain cannabidiol, or CBD, the non-psychoactive compound that has been used to treat a wide range of conditions such as epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease.

For centuries, Cannabis Sativa has been cultivated in China, mainly for the plant’s strong fibers which can be turned into rope, fabric, and paper. Other parts of the plant, such as seeds and leaves, have been used in Chinese traditional medicine – but with warnings of side effects. Hemp fabric has dated back more than 3,400 years and has been found in Shang Dynasty tombs in Hebei, and the fiber is believed to have been the basis of the earliest forms of paper made in the country.

The Divine Farmer’s Classic of Materia Medica, a pharmaceutical text compiled in the first or second century AD, warns: “A person will see a ghost after an overdose, [and] run around like mad … After moderate long-term intake, [he or she] will be able to communicate to God.”

In 1949, the People’s Republic of China has been established and led by a Communist government, the government has classified the plant as an illicit drug and introduced some of the world’s toughest rules against its production, trade, and consumption. Under Chinese criminal law, anybody with more than 5 kg of processed marijuana leaves, 10 kg of resin, or 150 kg of fresh leaves can face the death penalty.

“Despite the tough laws, authorities have usually turned a blind eye to farmers growing their own low-THC varieties because they were an important source of income for some farmers. Farmers have largely been spared in drug crackdowns but in some areas such as Xinjiang bans on the crop – even the low-THC types – have been strictly enforced, due to concerns about drug abuse in the region.”

In the late 1970’s when China went war with Vietnam, the research of the plant really took off according to some scientists as the military needed to develop a fabric that could keep soldiers clean and dry in Vietnam’s humidity, and cannabis hemp offered the fiber that breathed and was antibacterial. Other studies explored the plant’s use as a drug in field hospitals.

According to the World Intellectual Property Organisation, more than half of the world’s patents related to the plant are now held in China. The Western pharmaceutical industry has prompted concerns that the Chinese government or Chinese firms might take advantage of the patent barriers.

“We have seen the growing enthusiasm of farmers, and they are indeed planting low-THC varieties. But cannabis is cannabis. However low the THC concentration, massive plantations can increase the risk of drug abuse and lead to many social problems,” said Yun Chunming, a professor in the Institute of Bast Fibre Crops at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Hunan.

On the other, Tan Xin, the president of Beijing-based Hemp Investment Group, one of the largest Chinese companies advocating the commercial pharmaceutical use of the plant, said the company had partnered with the People’s Liberation Army to take the Chinese technology and product to the world.

A drug to treat traumatic stress disorder jointly developed by the company and the Chinese military was nearing completion of clinical trials, and it was just one of the many products from the plant with global market potential, according to a statement on the company’s website.

With offices in the United States and plans to branch out into Canada, Israel, Japan and Europe, Tang said the company was taking the plant to all member countries in China’s “Belt and Road Initiative”, an infrastructure scheme to link China with the rest of Asia and beyond.

“We expect the sector will grow into a 100 billion yuan industry for China in five years’ time,” he said.

Source : Cannabis Connects Global

Write by Anne Kristine Aguila

10 Basic Facts about Cannabis

Marijuana, cannabis and hemp are all names that refer to this unique plant.

The marijuana symbol is seen everywhere these days — on clothing, jewelry, keychains and stickers. It’s no surprise that cannabis is the most commonly used illegal drug in the U.S. and worldwide.

The growing popularity of marijuana is evident, but many people lack a standard knowledge about the plant. Here are 10 facts about cannabis that you should know:

1. Marijuana is derived from the Cannabis plant

The cannabis plant (also known as hemp) usually grows about 8 to 12 feet high and can be grown outdoors or indoors.

The main active ingredient in cannabis — the part that gives the “high” feeling — is called THC, which stands for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. THC acts on specific molecules in the body known as cannabinoid receptors, which are mostly found in the brain. Different cannabis products have different levels of THC.

The term “cannabis” can also refer to any drug that is derived from the plant, including the three major types: Marijuana, hashish and hash oil.

Marijuana is made from a mixture of dried and shredded flowers of the plant and is greenish-gray in appearance. Hashish is made from the resins of the plant and hash oil is a sticky, black liquid.

2. Marijuana has different strains

Marijuana strains can be pure or hybrid varieties, usually derived from the two major species of cannabis: indica and sativa. Different strains have been bredto intensify certain characteristics of cannabis.

One of the most popular strains is OG Kush. It has the highest THC content of all Kush strains and is recognized as one of the strongest cannabis strains.

Sour Diesel is another well-known strain, which has a strong odor and mood-enhancing effects.

3. Marijuana can be consumed in a number of ways

Marijuana can be rolled into a joint using rolling paper. When tobacco is mixed in — to add flavor and to make it burn slower — it’s called a spliff. Marijuana can also be smoked in a cigar shell, which is referred to as a blunt.

Another common method of smoking marijuana is with a pipe. A bong is a special type of pipe that passes smoke through water and is regarded by some as an effective way to reduce exposure to carcinogens in smoke.

Another method of consuming cannabis is by eating it in the form of edibles. Steeping it as a tea is also an option.

Out of all these methods, researchers and doctors agree that using a vaporizeris the safest way to consume marijuana. Vaporizers heat the cannabis to a point that vaporizes the active ingredients without burning it, thus eliminating the harmful effects of smoking.

4. Marijuana has physical and psychological effects

The effects of marijuana begin within a few minutes after inhalation and can last a few hours. THC is absorbed more slowly when it’s taken as a food or liquid and the effects take longer to be felt.

The marijuana high can affect a user physically in a number of ways, including an increased heart rate, dry mouth, bloodshot/glazed eyes and an increase in appetite (often referred to as the “munchies”).

When a user is high, they most commonly feel euphoria and a sedative tranquility. Effects may also include lowered inhibitions, drowsiness, and silliness/giddiness. Some users also report anxiety and paranoia.

People who smoke marijuana may experience long-term effects, similar to that of a cigarette smoker, such as a cough, frequent chest colds and chronic bronchitis. Using a vaporizer has been shown to prevent these effects.

5. Marijuana has many street names

Street names for cannabis vary by region and demographic. Older slang terms for cannabis include pot, herb, Mary Jane, grass, reefer, dope and weed. Ganja, bud, chronic and skunk are also commonly used.

Other slang terms related to marijuana include pothead, which refers to a heavy user; headshop, which is a store that sells paraphernalia; and 420, which can refer to the time for smoking marijuana (4:20) or the unofficial holiday(April 20th).

6. The legality of marijuana varies by country

Countries around the world have different laws about the use of cannabis recreationally and medicinally. There are also different regulations for possession and sale of the drug.

Possession of cannabis is legal in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Spain, Netherlands, North Korea, Uruguay and a number of states in the U.S.

Cannabis is decriminalized in many countries, meaning it’s prohibited but is not considered a criminal offence and would merit minor penalties.

Marijuana is legal in some U.S. states, including Colorado, Washington, Oregon and Alaska. It is medically legal in 25 states and decriminalized in 20 states.

Although cannabis is widely used in Canada, it’s illegal in all provinces and territories without a doctor’s prescription. However, a newly elected government is currently drafting legislation that would legalize and regulate marijuana for all adults nationwide.

7. Marijuana is commonly used

According to the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 22.2 million Americans used marijuana in the past year — a significant jump from previous years.

According to a 2015 Gallup poll, 44% of Americans have tried marijuana in their lifetime.

The percentage of Canadians who have tried the drug is also 44%, according to data from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. A 2012 survey found that 12.2% of Canadians used marijuana in the past year.

8. Marijuana is one of the world’s oldest crops

The cannabis plant is believed to be one of the oldest crops cultivated by humans. Records of its use date back over 6000 years. Early civilizations relied on hemp crops as a source of food, fibre, oil and paper.

A Chinese medical reference as old as 2700 BC is usually cited as the first mention of medical use of marijuana. The Ancient Chinese used cannabis to treat constipation, malaria, rheumatic pain and female disorders.

Consumption then spread to India and the Middle East, where Muslims used hashish. It eventually reached Europe around 500 BC.

9. Marijuana is safer than alcohol

According to a 2014 survey, seven out of ten Americans believe alcohol is more harmful than marijuana — and they’re right.

The most commonly cited reason for this belief is that cannabis has never directly caused a death, while alcohol claims many lives each year. In fact, according to the World Health Organization, there were 3.3 million deaths attributed to alcohol in 2012.

Of course, alcohol poisoning is responsible for some of these deaths. On the other hand, no one has ever died from a marijuana overdose.

But the long-term effects of alcohol, such as chronic illnesses, cause the most deaths. Another argument is that marijuana has a number of proven medical uses, whereas no doctor would ever recommend alcohol to a sick patient.

10. Marijuana can be prescribed for many conditions

The use of medical marijuana has become more and more common in the U.S. and around the world. Patients that are approved to use medical marijuana usually buy the drug from a licensed supplier.

Medical marijuana can be smoked, vaporized, eaten or taken as a liquid.

Cannabis is most commonly prescribed for pain. This could include anything from migraine headaches to spinal injury. It can also be helpful for patients experiencing nausea and appetite loss, such as those undergoing chemotherapy.

Some doctors also prescribe marijuana for Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, anxiety, PTSD, depression and a variety of other conditions.

Source: Leaf Science


The health benefits of cannabis are inarguably high and its sister plant hemp is equally beneficial for the body and the environment. Hemp seeds are one of the most nutrient dense seeds on the planet and, if used more frequently in the production of consumer items, could significantly decrease deforestation and the use of both fossil fuels and pesticides. Hemp can be consumed raw, ground into meal, and made into oil or a vegan milk substitute. Only a few short years ago, hemp was a rare sight in your grocery store or on the label of your favourite shirt. Now, it can be found in our food, accessories, clothing, body products, plastics, cars, paper, and construction materials. Hemp can even be used as fuel and as medicine, helping to slow cancerous tumor growth. Despite all of these diverse uses for hemp, we continue to use products that are unsustainable and hazardous to the environment instead.

Why Hemp Usage Is Rising

As discouraging as this seems, hemp is already starting to play a more relevant role in the marketplace and I believe this will only increase over time. Hemp poses a serious threat to many industries including oil and gas, fashion, pulp and paper, construction, and transportation. Although there are many forces actively working to prevent hemp from expanding into potential markets, including governments and market leaders, it is inevitable that hemp usage will increase now that it’s been legalized in more countries. To read more about why it became illegal in the first place, check out our article here.

Hemp was legally defined as distinct from marijuana in the United States in 2014 and hemp sales have risen continuously since then. Industrial hemp used to make consumer products is not psychoactive, thus it does not affect brain function and is not considered a drug because it has less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (the active chemical in cannabis) on a dry weight basis. In the US, the Hemp Industry Association stated that annual retail sales from hemp products reached approximately $620 million in 2014 and natural and conventional retailers experienced a 21.2% combined annual market percent growth rate. Naturally, as sales rise, more innovative hemp products are developed and launched in the marketplace.

My Top 5 Favourite Consumer Goods Made From Hemp:

Hemplify: This innovative, all-natural alternative to Gatorade and energy drinks contains hemp extract, vitamins (A, B1 [Thiamin], B3 [Niacin], Pantothenic acid [B5], B6, B12, C, D, and E), electrolytes, and omegas. Unlike many sports drinks, it doesn’t contain sugar; Hemplify is sweetened with Xylitol, a birch bark extract that aids in the absorption of hemp extract into the bloodstream, as well as Stevia and Glycerin, which are derived from natural plants and fruits.

Manitoba Harvest Hemp Hearts: These certified non-GMO shelled hemp seeds are well balanced in essential fatty acids, amino acids, and omegas, and are comprised of 30% pure plant-based protein. Hemp hearts make an excellent addition to smoothies, parfaits, rice dishes, cereal, salads, and more.

Hoodlamb Parkas: Available for men and women, Hoodlamb parkas are made from a combination of hemp, organic cotton, and recycled PET and Satifur, Hoodlamb’s special formula for a soft and cruelty-free faux-fur lining. I can personally confirm that these jackets are perfectly designed to withstand below-zero weather (and that’s in comparison to my previously-owned Canada Goose jacket).

Dr. Bronner’s Pure-Castile Soaps: Dr. Bronner’s has a wide range of liquid soaps suitable to clean literally anything from your hair to your dirty dishes (my personal favourite is the Lavender). Dr. Bronner’s is also a great company to support, as it’s a cruelty-free, fair trade, non-GMO, organic, vegan brand that utilizes natural ingredients and recycled packaging.

Saje’s Shaver Saver: This 100% natural product is designed to help irritated skin post hair removal using soothing essential oils, hemp, and other hydrating ingredients. Alternatively, the product can be used as a faster, convenient alternative to moisturizer.

Source: Collective Evolution

How to flush cannabis out of your system

Out Everything you ingest, smoke, or put into your body one way or another, stays there for a specific amount of time. During this time, the majority of items go through a path that culminates into their eventual elimination. Cannabis is no exception to this rule.

There are many reasons why, as a consumer, you would want to flush cannabis out of your system. For instance, in some countries, conducting regular drug tests on employees is a standard corporate practice.

Unfortunately, the classification of cannabis and its derived products is still quite inaccurate, with the plant still featured among the most dangerous drugs available in most countries.

This situation can often make a patient or a recreational consumer’s quality of life difficult if they were to be tested positive for cannabis.

Flush cannabis out of your system: WHY is it even there?

Everything you ingest, smoke, or put into your body one way or another, stays there for a specific amount of time. During this time, the majority of items go through a path that culminates into their eventual elimination. Cannabis is no exception to this rule.
THC metabolites have a half-life of 7 days, which means that every 7 days, whatever amount of it present in your body will decrease by 50%. Regardless, depending on numerous additional parameters, it can stay in the blood, urine, saliva, hair, and fingernails for several months.

One-time (or very sparse) consumers can eliminate cannabis in a matter of days. If consumed more frequently, it can take longer for the body to flush out the accumulated cannabinoids. The strain of cannabis smoked and resulting potency is also a variable, as well as the state your body is in: metabolism, body fat, and amount of physical exercise.
Your body itself is a prime factor in the equation, as THC is stored in fat cells. These fat cells progressively release it, along with other cannabinoids, into your blood.

Succeeding in flushing cannabis out of your system in time for a test also depends on which of your body parts is being tested. Cannabis can be detected 1 to 3 days after consumption with most tests, if the consumer does not partake often. This window grows increasingly large the more you consume. This is why avoiding testing positive for cannabis mostly depends on good timing and preparation. An unfortunate fact, since the beloved plant is, as many know, entirely harmless.

There is no sure-fire way to flush cannabis out of your system, as all factors cited above are substantially changeable. However, there are ways to help your body process cannabis faster.

Flush cannabis out of your system: Change your diet

Increase your fluids intake

Fluids help dilute metabolites in urine. Drug tests are designed to measure a certain amount of metabolites, and under the specified threshold, results are considered negative. This means it is not necessary to eliminate every single trace of those metabolites to pass a drug test.
However, drinking important amounts of water can result in urine with low levels of creatinine, a breakdown product of creatine phosphate in muscle. Many labs specialized in drug testing consider this an obvious attempt at diluting one’s urine, and it has been known to be flagged as “suspicious” (and could result in a positive test, or a retake).
An alternative would be a drink that provides other elements besides its fluid nature; for instance, a natural detox drink such as cranberry juice, or green tea. If you are taking the non-organic path, several energy drinks contain minerals and/or electrolytes, which can make your urine more “diverse”.

If you still opt for increasing your water intake, do so during the day preceding your test, as water actively flushes THC out of your system only temporarily. 2 to 3 litres of water during these 24 hours, as well as the same amount in the hours before the test itself should efficiently dilute your urine. No need to make it a month-long project!

Focus on healthy foods and drinks

Carbohydrates and fat are two elements found in many, many foods. In general, it is impossible as well as unhealthy to entirely avoid them. However in this case, the more you replace them with healthier items such as vegetables, or fruits in reasonable quantities, the more chances you have to detox faster. High quantities of fat in your digestive system can slow down its ability to detox. THC is fat soluble, which means increasing fat contents can trigger a brand new lifecycle for the cannabinoid.
And in addition to focusing on healthy alternatives, also choose detoxifying foods that can further improve the process: greens, garlic, cilantro, etc.

Flush cannabis out of your system: Sweat it out

Get your cardio on

THC being present in fat cells means that working on shedding them can result in your body processing THC out more efficiently. This will not work very well if you focus on strength workouts, such as bodybuilding exercises. Instead, try cardiovascular activities: walking (at a very brisk pace), running, biking, or swimming.

… Just sweat!

Sweating is your objective here. It is one of the methods your body uses to detox naturally.

And you don’t necessarily need to be running laps to do that. A steam room, sauna or … greenhouse … can be a great, relaxing space for you get rid of all these toxins, metabolites, and stress.

Flush cannabis out of your system: Relax and stay away from cannabis

Sleeping is another way your body detoxes naturally, on a daily basis. Being anxious and stressed, on the other hand, is another way you could be slowing down your body’s detoxing efforts. If you can, get full nights of sleep, and relax; try yoga, reading, or anything that can contribute into putting you into a peaceful mood.

And finally, it may not be entirely necessary to mention it but: do not consume any more cannabis, if you are waiting to pass a drug test. Depending on the type of test you will be the object of, you could actually benefit from excellent timing. For instance, a hair follicle test would be somewhat inefficient in detecting a very recent use of cannabis, as your hair would not have grown fast enough to bear any trace of THC.

But then again, as the present article points out, many other parameters can also determine in which manner your body processes cannabis. Besides, that is without mentioning retakes, additional “double check” tests, etc. Better safe than sorry!

Source: Sensi Seeds

Hemp Can Make Better Supercapacitor Electrodes

Almost everyone uses electronics. And most of those electronics uses a battery. However batteries can discharge quite rapidly which requires you to recharge the batteries quite often. I know this happens with my smart phone and tablet all the time.

Researchers at the University of Alberta’s National Institute for Nanotechnology (NINT) have discovered that hemp based electrodes for supercapacitors outperform standard supercapacitors by nearly 200%. At present, the preferred material for making electrodes is graphene. Electrodes are what connect an electrical storage medium to the outside world. Some materials can handle high current applications and others allow quick access times. Graphene does both.

Prof. David Mitlin
There is one drawback, however. Graphene costs about $2,000 per gram. Looking for a less costly solution, researchers at NINT, led by chemical and materials engineering Professor David Mitlin, developed a process for converting fibrous hemp waste into a unique graphene-like nanomaterial that outperforms graphene. What’s more, it can be manufactured for less than $500 per ton. “Our work actually opens up a very cheap and mass-producible manufacturing method for graphene quality material — something that has never been achieved before,” says Mitlin.

Carbon is the primary component of most electrodes. Whether it is activated carbon, templated carbon, carbon nanofibers, carbon nanotubes, or graphene, all have been intensively studied as materials for supercapacitor electrodes. Many are expensive to manufacture. They also have limited power characteristics.

“It is becoming well understood that the key to achieving high power in porous electrodes is to reduce the ion transport limitations” says Mitlin. “Nanomaterials .based on graphene and their hybrids have emerged as a new class of promising high-rate electrode candidates. They are, however, too expensive to manufacture compared to activated carbons derived from pyrolysis of agricultural wastes, or from the coking operations.”

Mitlin decided to test hemp bast fiber’s unique cellular structure to see if it could produce graphene-like carbon nanosheets. Hemp fiber waste was heated under pressure at 180 °C for 24 hours. The resulting carbonized material was treated with potassium hydroxide and then heated to temperatures as high as 800 °C, resulting in the formation of uniquely structured nanosheets. Testing of this material revealed that it discharged 49 kW of power per kg of material — nearly triple what standard commercial electrodes supply, 17 kW/kg.

“The resultant graphene-like nanosheets possess fundamentally different properties, such as pore size distribution, physical interconnectedness, and electrical conductivity—as compared to conventional biomass-derived activated carbons,” Mitlin tells the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

“We were delighted at how well this material performed as supercapacitor electrodes,” says Mitlin. “This novel precursor-synthesis route presents a great potential for facile large scale production of high performance carbons for a variety of diverse applications including energy storage, portable electronics, uninterruptable power sources, medical devices, load leveling, and hybrid electric vehicles.”

This breakthrough, if it an be commercialized successfully, could be a significant factor in reducing the cost of electric vehicles and energy storage systems.

Also, Solar researchers are learning to make Solar Cells out of Graphene which is more efficient than Silicone in turning sunlight into electricity. With this new technology of making Graphene from hemp, the cost of manufacturing solar cells will plummet, and the price for energy storage will plummet as well, and the efficiency of both cells, and storage medium rise.

SOURCE: Dave Burkey for the NHA