2,500-year-old marijuana discovered in an ancient tomb

A 2,500-year-old stash of whole marijuana plants have been unearthed from an ancient tomb in northwest China. This discovery adds to a growing body of evidence that ancient people used marijuana for its psychoactive properties, and incorporated it into their rituals.A team of archaeologists, led by Hongen Jiang with the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, discovered 13 marijuana plants that were still largely intact, if yellowed and desiccated after millennia underground. In a first for funerary marijuana, the plants were found lying like a burial shroud atop the body of a man who had died in his mid-30s. Their roots lay below the man’s hips and the tips — which had been trimmed to remove the flowers — extended up around his face, according to the publication of the find in the journal Economic Botany.
This stash was found in one of 240 tombs that archaeologists had excavated in a desert region of the Turpan Basin in northwest China. The area had probably once been a stop along the Silk Road, and pastoral people called the Subeixi had lived and traded here, Kristin Romey for National Geographic reports. Three other tombs in this cemetery also contained marijuana fruits, leaves, stem fragments, and seeds. Scientists have wondered whether the marijuana plants came in via trade, or whether they had been farmed or grew wild in the region. Since the burial shroud marijuana plants were whole, uprooted plants, that suggests local growth.

ANCIENT PEOPLE USED MARIJUANA FOR ITS PSYCHOACTIVE PROPERTIES

Ancient people in Siberia and northwestern China have been putting pot in tombs since at least the first millennia BCE. An open question has been whether these plants were used for fruit, for their hemp fibers to make rope and clothing, or for what we use them for today: to get high, or to cut pain. So far, archaeologists have found 6,000 to 7,000-year-old hemp fabrics in Northern China, but haven’t unearthed any evidence of hemp clothing near the Turpan Basin before 2,000 years ago. While it’s possible that the clothes may simply have rotted over time, it’s also possible that the main purpose of marijuana wasn’t fiber.

In 2006, archaeologists found a large cache of marijuana fragments in a grave from around the same time period, at a nearby settlement. When scientists later analyzed the plants, they detected compounds that form when the main source of marijuana’s high — tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC — breaks down. That means these plants were probably prized for their psychoactive properties. This latest discovery of marijuana plants used as a burial shroud as well as the many previous findings of marijuana in the region’s tombs suggests that marijuana was used either medicinally or ritually, the authors write.

VIA: National Geographic
SOURCE: Economic Botany, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, and Journal of Experimental Botany

The future is Hemp

There are certain global changes, which we do not welcome. Deforestation, global warming, over population, loss of diversity, and the poisoning of seemingly every ecosystem alive.
We need to act now! Analyzing these problems and creating solutions should be our PRIORITY. Alternative crops such as hemp offer a wide range of benefits, not only to the environment but to local and world economies alike. Hemp is as valuable to the small farm communities as it is to the big industry (a balance not often found these days). The overall benefits include: bio-safe alternatives to the products depended upon now, and a sustainable fiber source to meet the worlds extreme demand. The benefits to the world would be phenomenal. Farmers worldwide could utilize this amazing universal plant. The key word here is adaptability. Hemp can thrive virtually anywhere in the world, due to the fact that it is essentially a weed.

Agriculturally, hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a superb rotational crop. It also has the ability to resist drought as well as insects and fungus. Requiring little to no fertilizer it would greatly improve water quality by potentially reducing cancer causing agents in well water and runoff into rivers, lakes, and streams.

Economically, opportunity is knocking! The amount of jobs that would be created by the major upsurge in hemp production, would be a welcome blessing to small rural communities where jobs are scarce. Why are we sending millions of dollars each year to foreign economies when there are plenty of farmers as well as manufacturers and consumers right here in America? Prior to 1890 the world depended on hemp fiber so much it was the universal standard. In colonial times it was required by law to grow the hemp plant, for the survival of the colonies. You could pay your taxes with hemp. Both Thomas Jefferson and George Washington grew, and strongly advocated the hemp plant to stabilize our new country. Washington himself once said, “Make the most of the hemp plant – sow it everywhere.”

The pros most definitely outweigh the cons (if there are any). Hemp is not in production today because of laws written in 1937 by politicians involved in big industry. Cultivation of hemp posed a direct threat to the petrochemical industry, as well as cotton growers, and paper producers with large timber holdings. Therefore laws were designed to create so much red tape it would hinder and eventually stop production of the plant. Big industry does not want hemp relegalized, and they are the ones with the money and the lobbying power to maintain this red tape. By avoiding natural solutions, Industry continues to deplete our earth’s resources.

Propaganda was published nationwide in the Hearst Newspaper, the largest paper in the country, during the 1930’s. Enough people read or heard these lies that it has become incorporated into our culture to think of hemp as marijuana the “killer weed”. This is entirely untrue, and only through proper education can we counteract the effects of the “campaign of lies”.

Cannabis sativa L., otherwise known as hemp, contains less than one- percent (.2%) tetrahydracannabinol (THC), the active ingredient, which causes the “high” effect when smoking pot. This TRACE of THC would only be present in the leaves, and would be of no pharmaceutical value. Even if one were to try to smoke hemp they would only get a headache or become nauseous. You CANNOT get high on hemp! Hemp products DO NOT contain THC. It is perfectly legal to possess hemp products as well as sterilized seeds. You cannot cultivate it because law enforcement officials claim they could not distinguish between hemp and marijuana. This is also untrue. The two varieties of cannabis grow completely different. A field of hemp is planted in rows four inches apart, and is grown for its fibrous stalks. Hemp grows to a mature height of 10 to 12 feet; marijuana is a short, bushy plant, which grows to an average height of four to six feet. Additionally, smoking grade marijuana is planted two feet apart and grown for its potent flowers.

By using hemp products you are saying, “It’s time to make a change.” Bio-safe products need to become an everyday thing, not a trend. The earth is our life support system, and the only one we have. Let’s fix what has already been done. Please support Industrial Hemp, and pass on the truth to anyone who laughs, jokes, or just doesn’t know.

Written by: Travis Elble

 

HEMP – A SOLUTION TO CLIMATE CHANGE

“Every generation faces a challenge. In the 1930s, it was the creation of Social Security. In the 1960s, it was putting a man on the moon. In the 1980s, it was ending the Cold War. Our generation’s challenge will be addressing global climate change while sustaining a growing global economy.” – Eileen Clausen, Pew Center on Global Climate Change

Fossil fuel consumption, and our meat industry can be considered the most responsible for climate change. Around 80% of the CO2 being added to the atmosphere each year currently comes directly from the burning of natural gas, and coal and oil deposits. Agriculture is another significant driver of global warming and causes 15% of all emissions, half of which are from livestock. One pound of beef requires 1,799 gallons of water for the growing of food and the rearing of the livestock.

While the nation states will be debating what can be done to control the situation, there is a simple solution that is being ignored and dismissed due to the politics behind it, and that is the awesome properties and power of the Cannabis plant.

“Hemp is of first necessity to the wealth and prosperity of the nation” — Thomas Jefferson.

Super Crop

Hemp can be considered a ‘super-crop’ that has been grown worldwide for at least 12,000 years. It is one of the most prolific, versatile and powerful bio-tools available to humanity to meet the enormous challenges of sustainability, climate change, environmental degradation and the destruction of eco-systems.

There are more than 25,000 known uses for hemp. It produces food, fibre, fuel and has unique medicinal properties. One hectare of hemp can produce as much usable fibre as four hectares of trees, or two hectares of cotton. It is the world’s most versatile natural product, potentially replacing wood, cotton, and petroleum products, including plastics.

Hemp grows in a short, flexible, summer window of the annual crop cycle and grows in diverse climates and soil types. It does not require pesticides or herbicides, as it grows tightly spaced, out-growing and blocking out weeds. This leaves a weed-free field for follow on crops while simultaneously conditioning and securing topsoil.

The Billion Dollar Cropt

It was considered the ‘billion dollar crop’ by Popular Mechanics Magazine in 1937 before the USA began its campaign to suppress the hemp industry. George Washington and Thomas Jefferson both grew hemp. Ben Franklin owned a mill that made hemp paper. Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence on hemp paper. In 1942 when US sources of “Manila hemp,” (a genus of the banana plant), were cut off by the Japanese in WWII, the US Army and US Department of Agriculture promoted the “Hemp for Victory” campaign to grow hemp in the US

Hemp As Bio-Fuel

According to the IPCC between ten and fifteen percent of total global cropland is available for biomass production specifically for energy and transport. The greatest advantage of hemp cultivation, as a method of climate change mitigation, is the comparative ease with which it could be integrated into the existing fossil fuel economy.

With the ability to be grown at all but the very coldest latitudes, hemp could form the basis of an internationally distributed yet locally produced fuel industry. Hemp-based ethanol would not only be a complementary product to the oil economy (combining ethanol with gasoline increases quality of gasoline and produces significant environmental benefits), but could also be used as a direct replacement because it can be used with existing technologies.

It is also the only biomass crop that can add to the food production of land rather than replacing food production, as other biofuel crops, such as corn, triggered global food riots.

Solution to Agro Forestry

Hemp cultivation is 400% more efficient at CO2 absorption than agro-forestry per land use. Its rapid growth rate means it can provide the industrial quantities of biomass required in our modern society. Hemp can be processed into multiple sustainable raw materials solutions to suit the needs of local communities wherever it is grown, and save and preserve remaining forest resources and biodiversity.

Hemp is far less vulnerable to changes in climate, compared to slow and medium growth forests. It also shares many of the biochemical characteristics of hardwood and several metric tons of wood can be produced in a hectare, annually or bi-annually in hotter climates.

Growing hemp on deforested hillsides prevents landslides, run-off, and also prepares land for future crops or tree planting. In addition, it requires low-intensive management and can effectively replace all the goods and services traditionally supplied by depleted forest resources including fuel and shelter.

Water Efficient

An industrial hemp crop (80ha), planted in Nicaragua primarily for seed, survived Hurricane Mitch more or less intact due to its long tap roots and intricate root structures that held the plants securely to each other and the land. Over 60 chemicals called cannabinoids collectively serve to repel insects, improve water use efficiency, prevent water loss and also protect the plant from excessive UV-B radiation.

Compared to cotton that requires about 1400 gallons of water for every pound of produce, hemp requires half that or even less and produces 200-250% more fibre on the same amount of land. The Aral Sea in Russia, once the world’s fourth largest inland lake with a thriving healthy ecosystem is now only 15% of it’s original size due to the cotton industry and the heavy use of pesticides and herbicides. Hemp in comparison, aerates the land, rejuvenates soil, needs no herbicides or pesticides, and creates a thriving ecosystem.

Hemp as Food

Hemp protein contains all twenty-one known amino acids, including the eight essential ones adult bodies cannot produce. Proteins are considered complete when they contain all the essential amino acids in sufficient quantities and ratios to meet the body’s needs.

It can supply any diet with a vegetarian source of essential fatty acids, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, fibre, chlorophyll, and a complete, balanced gluten-free source of the essential amino acids.

Versatile

Hemp is so versatile because, it is seasonal, it increases the nutritional output of the land, it increases yields from other crops in the rotation cycle, and bio-remediates and protects soil, while providing highly useful, versatile biomass and sustainable, biodegradable end products.

The Cannabis plant has been suppressed by the dominating industries that see it as a threat to their monopoly, such steel, pharmaceuticals, cotton, petroleum, plastics and construction. However, it can no longer be ignored as the global environmental crisis we are facing is much greater than the need to profit these unsustainable and destructive industries.

How much longer are we going to sit back and watch our planet go up in smoke while one of the major solutions, Cannabis remains relegated to the sidelines…? it’s time for a Hemp Revolution…

Source: Rebekah Shaman

Cannabis for Diabetes

More than a million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in the US every year. One in every 10 adults who are 20 years or older has diabetes.

Diabetes can be a debilitating and life-threatening disease that can drastically lower one’s quality of life and require large amounts of time and money to combat.

Diabetics actually have to contend with group of diseases which result from too much sugar in the blood (high blood glucose). Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose). In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin. There’s also a stage called prediabetes in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes.

There is no cure for diabetes. Treatments aim at maintaining normal blood sugar levels through regular monitoring, insulin therapy, diet, and exercise.

Progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes isn’t inevitable. With lifestyle changes, weight loss, and medications, it’s possible to bring a blood sugar level back to normal.

What are Cannabinoids?

The human body has a vast endocannabinoid system which responds to changes in the body, produces chemicals called endocannabinoids which fit into receptors in cells throughout the body, especially the major organs. This system helps regulate a number of processes including appetite, memory, mood, pain, metabolism, blood flow, and immune response.

Cannabis contains a group of compounds called phytocannabinoids (cannabinoids made by plants). These phytocannabinoids mimic the actions of our own natural cannabinoids.

Cannabis contains around 80 different cannabinoids, most of which have not been widely researched as yet. The most well-known cannabinoids contained in cannabis are THC and CBD. THC is the cannabinoid that is responsible for the high that marijuana users experience. CBD has very similar effects without the high. Both have profound effects on the human body. So profound that 29 states have now passed laws allowing its use in medicine.

Cannabis for Diabetes

Several studies have shown that cannabis improves blood sugar control and helps with weight loss. It also appears to improve carbohydrate metabolism in users.

In July 2013, the editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Medicine, Joseph S. Alpert, M.D., made this statement when releasing his team’s study called “The Impact of Marijuana Use on Glucose, Insulin, and Insulin Resistance among US Adults,” in the American Journal of Medicine:

“I would like to call on the NIH and the DEA to collaborate in developing policies to implement solid scientific investigations that would lead to information assisting physicians in the proper use and prescription of THC in its synthetic or herbal form.”

“Of the participants in our study sample, 579 were current marijuana users and 1975 were past users. In multivariable adjusted models, current marijuana use was associated with 16% lower fasting insulin levels and 17% lower HOMA-IR (insulin resistance). We found significant associations between marijuana use and smaller waist circumferences.”

One of the symptoms of diabetes is called neuropathic pain. There is ample evidence that cannabis increases nerve growth factor and has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that may help relieve pain.

Type 2 diabetics also have a higher risk of depression. There’s a sea of anecdotal evidence that cannabis improves mood and reduces anxiety, plenty of research to back that up.

Senior researcher Samir Haj-Dahmane said: “Chronic stress is one of the major causes of depression. Using compounds derived from cannabis — marijuana — to restore normal endocannabinoid function could potentially help stabilise moods and ease depression.”

There is still a lot to be learned about the effects cannabinoids have on diabetes, however many patients who use cannabis as a supplement to their usual treatment are reporting improvements in their symptoms.

Below is a list of research reports which look at studies on cannabinoids’ effects on diabetes and blood sugar levels.

The impact of marijuana use on glucose, insulin, and insulin resistance among US adults
CBD attenuates cardiac dysfunction, oxidative stress, fibrosis, and inflammatory and cell death signaling pathways in diabetic cardiomyopathy
CBD lowers incidence of diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice
Neuroprotective and blood-retinal barrier-preserving effects of CBD in experimental diabetes
Cannabidiol arrests onset of autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice
Diabetic retinopathy: Role of inflammation and potential therapies for anti-inflammation
Cannabinoids alter endothelial function in the Zucker rat model of type 2 diabetes
The endocannabinoid system in obesity and type 2 diabetes
Cannabinoids and endocannabinoids in metabolic disorders with focus on diabetes
The endocannabinoid system and plant-derived cannabinoids in diabetes and diabetic complications
Cannabinoid-mediated modulation of neuropathic pain and microglial accumulation in a model of murine type I diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain
Biochemical and immunohistochemical changes in delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-treated type 2 diabetic rats
Efficacy and Safety of CBD and THC-V on Glycemic and Lipid Parameters in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Source : Compfassionate Certification Centers

Cannabis & Alzheimer’s

According to brain experts, cannabis has shown considerable promise for treating the cause of dementia and Alzheimer’s, but federal regulators keep blocking their path toward a cure.

Despite evidence suggesting that chemicals found in cannabis can helpfully clear the brain of buildup that leads to dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, ongoing federal opposition to the drug makes the road to finding a cure a long and difficult one, according to researchers. As the Independent reports, scientists at California’s renowned Salk Institute are expressing concern over the fairly unfounded legal hurdles that keep slowing down their work toward an effective treatment for these fatal diseases, which afflict millions of Americans each year.

Last year, the team published study resultsindicating that the active chemicals or cannabinoids found in cannabis, such as euphoria-inducing tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), can effectively relieve the amyloid protein buildup and cell damage related to dementia using some of the brain’s own protective measures. Unlike methods which seek to remove amyloid buildup from the outside of brain cells, CNBC explained, those explored by Salk researchers work with the brain’s natural endocannabanoids, which prevent cell death, to fight buildup inside cells and resulting inflammation at an earlier stage in the disease.

Given the current lack of safe, effective treatments and the overall low cost and often minimal side-effects of in medicinal cannabis, the studies should be cause for celebration among advocates and caregivers for the millions of Americans who suffer from dementia, and for the over five million whose condition developed into Alzheimer’s disease, the most common kind of dementia, and for which fatality rates have risen by over 70% since 2000, CNBC noted.

According to lead author Professor David Schubert, however, these innovative results would seem a lot more promising if researchers’ next steps weren’t already bound up by federal regulation and red tape. “It’s a totally unexplored area, because researchers have been stopped by the DEA, due to the way the agency classifies marijuana,” Schubert told CNBC. “The result is that basically no clinical trials have been held to test the use of marijuana-based drugs in the treatment of Alzheimer’s or any other neurodegenerative disease. It’s not right that they have that type of say over something that could be very useful.” He continued,People are dying of this disease, and there is nothing out there for them… Marijuana is not physically addictive, although it can be psychologically addictive like, sugar, salt and fat, none of which are classified as Schedule I drugs. It’s ridiculous when in California anyone can legally go down to the corner store and just buy marijuana.

Schubert pointed out to CNBC that the pharmaceutical industry, with its extremely healthy lobbying power in D.C., is likely a major force in creating legal hurdles for researchers. “The pharmaceutical companies want to stop the use of cannabis in the research community because it’s a natural product, so it can’t be patented,” he said. “They can’t make money on it, so they are against it.”

CNBC also noted that, while an estimated one in three seniors will die fighting dementia and a new Alzheimer’s diagnosis is delivered every 66 seconds, the costs of holding back effective treatment don’t just involve human life. The site points to a 2015 study by the National Institutes of Health which found that the overall price of late-stage dementia exceeds that of any other disease, and to recent estimates that the economic cost of caring for dementia and Alzheimer’s patients totalled a whopping $236 billion last year. During a dementia-sufferer’s final five years of life, that could easily amount to upwards of $287,000 annually per person.

Drug companies are still pouring time and research dollars into potential treatments for the diseases, of course, but even mainstream, pot-free methods have found little success and been slow in coming. According to Schubert, that’s because pharmaceutical companies are not just trying to prevent cannabis cures, but also on the wrong track for finding their own. “They are trying to use antibodies to get rid of plaque that is outside the cell, but that is too late in the disease,” Schubert said.

However, while our big, highly evolved brains still have ample ways of holding us back, it is thankfully never too late to change the way we offer support to others, be it from research labs or the very law of the land.

Source : The Independent

CBD Oil for Pain

CBD oil is quickly becoming a mainstream product for chronic pain, stress, anxiety, and other ailments. The cannabis-derived chemical contains safe and natural medicinal benefits without the side effects of NSAIDs, analgesics, or opioids. In fact, many patients who previously relied on Tylenol, Ibuprofen, or Vicodin to control pain found CBD to help cut down on the number of pills needed to function each day. CBD oil is worth a try for anyone looking to relieve chronic pain.

Symptoms of Chronic Pain
Simply put, chronic pain is just pain that never really goes away. Sometimes it’s associated with a larger problem such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, or multiple sclerosis. It can come on in any form of pain sensation whether it be dull, aching, pins and needles, or sensitivity. Nerve dysfunction and inflammation are two causes of chronic pain, which can be genetic or brought on diet and lifestyle habits. In 2015, about 25 million adults were reported as having some form of chronic pain.

How CBD Relieves Pain
CBD oil helps relieve pain through the endocannabinoid system, a complex system that controls a range of metabolic functions. There are many different receptors throughout the endocannabinoid system, but CBD primarily works with CB1 and CB2 receptors.

CB1 receptors exist throughout the brain and central nervous system, controlling essential processes like sleep, appetite, mood, smell, and motor control. CB2 receptors are located in the immune system, peripheral nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and brain.

CBD works by triggering CB1 and CB2 receptors through various molecular pathways. This produces analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, neuroprotective, and even antidepressive effects that help patients suffering from chronic pain. Since these receptors exist all throughout the body, the result is a systemic relief.

How to Consume CBD Oil for Treatment
CBD is most commonly consumed in the form of pure CBD crystals or pure CBD oil, which is usually made with a food-grade oil.

CBD crystals can be dissolved under the tongue, smoked through a vape pen, or smoked through a dab rig. They can even be sprinkled in a joint or on top of a bowl for an added smoke session boost, or into food or beverages.

Many dispensaries sell oil cartridges for vape pens that are free of THC and contain CBD only for immediate relief of pain and inflammation.

Which Conditions Can CBD Help?
CBD has shown positive results when put up against many chronic illnesses, particularly those throughout the immune or nervous system.

Cannabis is recommended for patients with Multiple Sclerosis, a disease with no known cure where the immune system attacks the nerves and spinal cord. One study showed CBD to inhibit the release of inflammatory compounds that cause painful flare-ups.

CBD is also recommended for patients with Crohn’s disease, a chronic condition caused by inflammation of digestive lining. Like MS, Crohn’s has no cure and CBD is recommended to calm pain during flare-ups.

There is a lot of research needed to evaluate how CBD can benefit cancer patients or inhibit tumor growth. However, what we do know is that cancer patients have used cannabis for pain relief, appetite stimulation, and also relief from chemo-induced nausea.

CBD oil is also highly recommended for patients with fibromyalgia, arthritis, and undiagnosed chronic pain.

Pharmaceuticals VS. CBD For Pain
One of the biggest benefits of CBD oil is the potential to reduce the number of pills needed for relief. Most of us can handle Tylenol, Advil, or opioids in moderation. However, these drugs can still lead to gastrointestinal damage, increased tolerance, dependency, addiction, and overdose.

CBD oil does not cause gastrointestinal damage and it is not known to be habit-forming. All it takes for a patient to become addicted to opioids is a 10-day prescription, which can be prescribed for anything from a pulled muscle to a kidney stone.

In states with legal marijuana, some rehab centers use cannabis as a tapering method for patients going through withdrawal.

Source : International Highlife

 

Cannabis-Infused Gum to Relieve Fibromyalgia Pain

Now you can chew cannabis gum to ease your chronic pain
Cannabis is known for its amazing effects on easing pain of all sorts: from irritable bowel syndrome to fibromyalgia to seizures to cancer pains. You name it! Many opt for smoking or eating cannabis to gain pain relief, but soon, you’ll also have an option to chew it.
The cannabis gum is called MedChewRx®, first to be FDA-approved
Axim Biotechnologies has developed the cannabis chewing gum called MedChewRx®. The gum is going through a series of clinical trials, with the goal of gaining FDA and equivalent international approval as prescription medications. Axim’s goal is completing Phase 3 clinical trials in early 2018.
This gum is made with fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis in mind
MedChew Rx® is being developed as a pharmaceutical drug to treat pain, spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) and fibromyalgia. The gum is intended to offer patients more consistent relief than existing cannabis-derived products that are smoked or eaten.
MedChewRx® contains 5mg each of THC and CBD
The cannabis gum is formulated with 5 mg of cannabidiol (CBD) and 5 mg of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC and CBD are both natural compounds that are found in the cannabis plant. The chemical compositions of both elements might be the same, but to put it in the simplest form possible, THC is psychoactive, while CBD is not. Both compounds have an impressive list of ways that they support the human body.
99% pure pharmaceutical-grade cannabinoids are used
Axim Biotechnologies imports cannabis from the Dutch Government’s Office of Medicinal Cannabis, extracts and purifies cannabis strains into 99% pure pharmaceutical-grade cannabinoids to produce MedChewRx®.

Until the cannabis gum is out on the market, you can try these cannabis treatment options
1. CBD Oil
CBD oil comes in many forms: tinctures, capsules, and topicals. CBD oil offers therapeutic benefits without the psychoactive properties.
2. Smoking
There are many different strains to choose from. Consult your doctor or research for the right strain for your purpose.
3. Edibles
Cookies, brownies, chocolate, and drinks are just a few of the edible options. Again, make sure to choose the product with the right strain for your use.

Source : DIV Health Academy

Cannabis and Alzheimer’s Disease

Compounds in cannabis may be able to help symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.Memory gradually declines with age for everyone. But for those with Alzheimer’s disease, memory loss can be so severe that they can lose the ability to recognize their loved ones.Areas of the brain responsible for memory are affected in Alzheimer’s, and these areas are highly regulated by the endocannabinoid system. This system is activated by compounds in marijuana known as cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, also have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects that may help slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.

Here, we discuss the merits of marijuana as a potential treatment for Alzheimer’s disease.

What is Alzheimer’s Disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative condition that mostly occurs in the elderly. The disease is progressive, meaning symptoms tend to worsen over time.

Neurodegeneration is the process of losing brain cells over time. It is not known what causes neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s.

The most well-known symptom of Alzheimer’s is dementia. Initial symptoms of dementia include problems with memory, but gradually expand into other symptoms like language impairments and behavioural changes.

The progression of Alzheimer’s is associated with the formation of plaques in the brain. These plaques form when a compound known as beta-amyloid is released from brain cells into grey matter.

These plaques actually form in the brains of healthy older adults too, but genetic differences in patients with Alzheimer’s cause a significantly higher number of plaques to form.

Can Cannabis Help Alzheimer’s Disease?
Overall, there is not much evidence on whether marijuana can treat Alzheimer’s, but early reports are promising.

There is preliminary evidence that cannabinoids have neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects. Because of this, some researchers believe that marijuana may help with Alzheimer’s.

Researchers have investigated the role of the endocannabinoid system in Alzheimer’s disease. The endocannabinoid system is crucial in regulating memory, and scientists believe it may be affected in Alzheimer’s. Since marijuana stimulates the endocannabinoid system, it may be able to offer some benefits.

During the early stages of Alzheimer’s, the endocannabinoid system is blocked by the formation of beta-amyloid plaques. This disruption of the endocannabinoid system is believed to be partially responsible for the early symptoms of memory impairments.

Other evidence has found that cannabinoids can help protect brain cells from damage and prevent cognitive impairments in animal models of Alzheimer’s. This has led to an interest in THC as a potential treatment option. THC is thought to exert its neuroprotective effects by activating CB1 receptors.

Benefits of Cannabis For Alzheimer’s Disease

Cannabinoids reduce inflammation

Inflammation in the brain leads to damage in neurons and is believed to contribute to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s.

A 2009 study found that cannabinoids can help regulate inflammation in the brain. The researchers concluded that cannabinoids could someday be used to reduce inflammation in neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s disease.

Marijuana improves memory

The most well-known symptom of Alzheimer’s disease is the loss of memory. Patients slowly lose the ability to recognize their loved ones, their surroundings, and how to communicate.

A 2012 study showed cannabinoids can help protect brain cells from the beta-amyloid plaques seen in Alzheimer’s disease.

The study used a synthetic cannabinoid called WIN55212-2, which acts on cannabinoid receptors. The researchers observed that the cannabinoid improved memory in a rodent model of Alzheimer’s.

THC is neuroprotective

Like other neurodegenerative disorders, protecting the brain from further damage is an important element in treating Alzheimer’s. Cannabinoids are known to have neuroprotective properties, and researchers are investigating their potential in Alzheimer’s.

A 2016 study used human nerve cells to investigate the effects of THC on beta-amyloid levels.

The researchers found that THC improved the removal of beta-amyloid from the cells. THC also reduced inflammation and protected the neurons from damage. This evidence suggests that THC might be able to reduce the severity of Alzheimer’s disease in humans.

A 2006 study showed that THC might be able to block acetylcholinesterase (AChE), an enzyme that contributes to beta-amyloid plaque production.

Marijuana improves behavioural issues

As Alzheimer’s progresses, symptoms other than memory deficits begin to develop. During the late stages of the disease, behavioural problems such as irritability and aggression become more prevalent.

In a 1997 study, researchers found that THC could reduce behavioural disturbances in Alzheimer’s disease, and improved appetite in patients. The researchers noted that the effects of THC lasted into the placebo period, indicating that THC had long-term benefits.

Another human trial on the impact of THC in Alzheimer’s disease found that marijuana-infused oils could improve behavioural issues.

The study involved 11 patients, and was published in 2016 by researchers in Israel. Delusions, aggression, irritability, apathy, and sleep were significantly improved when the cannabis oil was added to the patients’ treatment regimens.

CBD and Alzheimer’s Disease

When discussing marijuana in a medical context, it’s important to consider the differences between THC and CBD. Despite coming from the same plant, these cannabinoids behave very differently in the body and offer unique therapeutic effects.

Unlike THC, CBD does not have any psychoactive effects. This can be very helpful for patients who can’t tolerate the psychoactive side effects of THC.

CBD can also reduce symptoms of psychosis and anxiety, suggesting it may be a better alternative for Alzheimer’s patients suffering from psychiatric symptoms. THC, on the other hand, may exacerbate these symptoms.

CBD might improve memory deficits in Alzheimer’s disease. A 2014 studypublished in the journal Psychopharmacology found that CBD could reverse cognitive deficits in an animal model of Alzheimer’s when given on a regular basis.

In a 2017 study, CBD was found to reduce the levels of proteins that contribute to beta-amyloid plaque production.

CBD may also help promote growth of new brain cells that have died off because of beta-amyloid plaques. A 2011 study found that CBD increased neurogenesis in the hippocampus, an area that regulates memory and is damaged in Alzheimer’s disease.

In a 2017 review of the pre-clinical evidence for CBD as a treatment for Alzheimer’s, researchers found that CBD had anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. However, these effects still require confirmation from clinical trials to determine whether the results are relevant to humans.

Summary

While preliminary research is promising, human trials are needed to determine if marijuana can be an effective treatment for Alzheimer’s disease.

Both THC and CBD have shown potential to reduce inflammation and protect neurons from damage by beta-amyloid plaques. In addition, CBD may promote the growth of new brain cells, and has fewer side effects than THC.

While there is not a lot of human research, some studies have found that THC can reduce behavioural disturbances in Alzheimer’s patients.

Based on early findings, some scientists believe marijuana has the potential to treat Alzheimer’s disease.

Source : Leaf Science

 

COTTON VS HEMP

Hemp has been making a lot of noise lately, especially with the growing awareness surrounding the use of hemp oil for treating cancer. Although the word ‘hemp’ still often gets confused and lumped into the same definition as Cannabis, a similar but psychoactive plant, it’s important to realize hemp can be a major game changer for our world if used to its potential. As we go through this post, you will be wondering ‘why don’t we use this stuff all the time.. for everything?!’ Simple answer, farming hemp was banned in the US and other countries in the 1937 because of the threat it caused to certain companies and their businesses. More about that here.

Although hemp has many practical uses, let’s focus on one that would affect us every day; clothing. For this, we will compare hemp to cotton, as cotton is a very popular resource used in clothing production. We’ll need to focus on various areas that have to be taken into consideration when comparing the two so we can determine not only what is better for us, but also what is best for our environment as it’s important to view things holistically. Let’s do it.

Water:

Cotton: To grow cotton you require about 1400 gallons of water for every pound you intend to produce. That’s a lot of water! Some areas of the world that produce cotton are running out of fresh water due to the production of cotton as well as clothing. Some areas of the world have even experienced desertification as a result of producing cotton.

Hemp: You require about half the amount of water to produce hemp as you would if producing cotton. Hemp is a strong and reliable plant that grows very quickly. Not only that, hemp produces about 200% – 250% more fibre in the same amount of land compared to cotton.

The victor: Hemp

Pesticides:

Cotton: One of the biggest downsides to cotton is how much pesticides are used to grow the plant. Although organic cotton farming is beginning to catch on a bit more, the production of cotton worldwide takes up about 25% of the world’s pesticide use. The other unfortunate factor is that these chemicals can end up being absorbed into our skin as we wear clothing.

Hemp: The beauty of hemp is that it requires no pesticides to grow. In fact, it doesn’t require any chemicals at all to grow. The growing nature of the plant competes with weeds and over-powers their ability to sustain themselves. This allows the hemp plant to grow freely and quickly.

The victor: Hemp

Comfort & Longevity:

Cotton: Generally very comfortable to begin with, as you continue to wear cotton it ‘breaks in’ to become even more comfortable. There is no denying how soft cotton can be, but it is also true that cotton fibres break down over time and the more it is washed the faster it breaks down.

Hemp: The hemp fibre used in clothing is a strong natural fibre that, like cotton, gets progressively softer with each passing day you wear it and each time you wash it. Although it may not start off quite as soft, it is still soft and certainly would not be considered uncomfortable. The plus is that the fibre is much stronger and durable. Repeated washed will not break the fibre down anywhere near as quickly as cotton. Creating more hemp clothing would mean we would need to produce much less clothing.

The victor: Hemp

Breathability & Wicking:

Cotton: Breathability is certainly a strong suit for cotton. It also does not hold odours for very much. This is quite possibly one of the biggest downsides to synthetic fibres, they don’t dispel odour well and don’t often deal with moisture well either. While cotton has a natural wicking system, it also holds moisture a little longer than what might be considered most desirable.

Hemp: Performs very well when it comes to breathability and wicks moisture away from the body effectively. Hemp also carries anti-bacterial properties that trump any other natural fibre. This means hemp will not mold or grow mildew very easily. Since it also does not hold odours, hemp clothing edges out cotton slightly on this one

The victor: Almost a tie, but hemp is our pal on this one again

Aesthetics:

Cotton: Without the use of dyes, cotton comes naturally in white, cream and off-white. Cotton can be dyed naturally or synthetically to achieve a desired color. The growing knowledge that cotton is very taxing on the environment and not healthy for our skin is creating quite the demand for organic cotton. In terms of the fashion market, organic cotton is showing up more and more.

Hemp: Given the various processes available to remove fibres from the stem of a hemp plant, hemp can be naturally creamy white, black, green, grey or brown. Without even requiring the use of dye, hemp comes in a variety of colors. Of course, you are still able to dye hemp both naturally and synthetically. Hemp is quickly becoming more and more popular in the fashion market as designers see the potential in the material while being a very environmentally sound option. Since it is durable and lasts a long time, it can be attractive to certain designers.

The victor: Hemp

Final Decision

Winner by knockout and growing undisputed champion of natural harmony, HEMP! This isn’t to say that cotton, especially grown organically, is not a good material, it simply isn’t better all around than hemp. In some cases, cotton could be a must use if something specific is being produced. The biggest differences are in the facts that hemp requires much less water and no pesticides to produce. Not only that, it boasts a lot more fibre per acre. Concerned about excess CO2 in the atmosphere? Hemp is spectacular at sequestering CO2! Take the time to check out some hemp clothing around the internet or see if there are some local stores who sell it. Although options can sometimes be limited right now, look out for more hemp clothing as awareness continues to spread!

Source : Collective Evolution

Hemp Meet Bamboo

We are being weaned off energy to provide higher profit margins for depleting resources!

We must support the climate agreement to provide the missing link. After four years in preparation, we are debuting “Plan B” to the climate change problem. We all will not build wind turbines or solar panels. However, we all buy plastic products, hygiene products and toilet paper. We need another option to make an impact. Here is ours. We propose expanding the renewable energy discussion to the 84,000 toxic chemicals in products we buy every day made from fossil fuels. Where our protest is conveyed through purchase, leading to US factories producing hemp and bamboo products to service companies like Ford, Kimberly-Clark, Ikea, and while also supplying small and medium size businesses lower cost materials.

It’s simple.

No Profit, No Pipelines, No Pollution.

Here is how we fight. Not through Protest, but through Purchase!! If we pressure US companies to build products with hemp and bamboo we can create local supply chains, jobs and lower cost materials. It is cheaper to grow than drill. That is where I need your help to build OUR economy. Crowdfunded farms, factories processing hemp and bamboo. It is possible. There is a perfect Storm for Change and YOU can start it. Let’s hit them where it hurts!

Our primary focus is to return jobs to the United States. A bioeconomy is more than about renewable energy. It is also about the materials we use in the development and manufacture of consumer goods.

Factories close to fields of bamboo and hemp is our goal. It’s not rocket science. It’s prudent business practices. We start with the easiest products to manufacture from bamboo & industrial hemp:

Food Biochar Pulp filler Fibers

As manufacturers realize a reliable domestic and international supply chain, businesses gain the incentive to return manufacturing activities to the United States.
you invest in her?
Maybe. What if she told you she is also selling her fiber to Georgia Pacific for toilet paper and paper towels? Your money is more secure. If her clothing suddenly failed overnight, you’re still safe. She still has revenue from the Hemp and bamboo growing. With the over 50,000 uses Hemp and Bamboo provides, she also has another shot at success.
Now, what if your city government wants to lease the abandoned land or an ugly factory you drive by every day? The Government sees jobs from your neighbor with the same failsafe in place. A big corporation buying the plants.

It starts here.

Pressure big business and tell them you will buy bamboo and hemp products. Offer them the security of a market and save the companies millions spent every year to reach you. Tell them. They will listen. It’s only to their benefit. They have great public relations and if we can’t grow, they can say “we tried.” Right now all companies like Ikea are claiming is “we can’t find it.” Show them where to look.

Political action will facilitate government economic development packages for businesses. Manufacturing in the United States will be feasible at labor rates that will create a vibrant economy again.

Manufacturing locally can also protect manufacturers’ intellectual property and alleviate additional costs of overseas supply chains such as:
Copies or ‘fakes’ in the marketplace.
Higher quality control resulting in lower litigation rates.
Negative Public Image.

They want to do this and they will. Why? They lied about the greenness of products in 2007 and 2008 with the Greenwash scandals all to get your dollars. They don’t have to lie anymore.

appreciate if you could share our Go Fund Me page and Petition. If you are unable to donate please share our petition and this project! We cannot “market” this it has to be organic or our voices will be lost on the companies we are pressuring to order bamboo and hemp fibers. We need your help. By purchasing the game, you are also supplying 200 games to Nonprofits and NGOS that are building young minds to provide themselves and their families a future.

Proceeds additionally pay for the travel and endless meetings it will take to give your friends the “guarantee” they need. They will support your project when you start growing hemp and bamboo They know the hemp and bamboo will have somewhere to be sold and they can invest in your farm or factory via the JOBSACT!

Here is our SOLUTION!

We were also featured in Treehugger and will be doing additional interviews this week.

Let’s work together for TANGIBLE solutions not Laws or promises to change without penalties! Let’s work together to create a bioeconomy that creates more opportunities for all of us, new commodity markets and material options for young entrepreneurs. With the recent push for renewable energy, we must deny the profits from the fossil fuels that go into the construction of turbines and solar panels

GoFundMe Campaign
gofundme.com/bioeconomy
Petition:
causes.com/campaigns/97871-tell-u-s-companies-we-will-buy-change-to-end-fossil-fuels

If you wish to donate directly to the Foundation please click this link. foundationforabioeconomy.org/#!donate/cirf

We can DO THIS! We can put the Power of Protest through purchase in YOUR HANDS! Help us tell US Companies we will buy Hemp and bamboo in paper pulp, biomass, auto interior parts, and BIOPLASTICS! Provide us a voice, we will provide methods everyone can duplicate.

Amanda Clayton-Stevens